Here are two articles that discuss the science of learning to read.
This APM article by Emily Hanford came out after I published the third edition of Teaching a Struggling Reader. I am including it here because it is so important for kids who are struggling to read but do not have dyslexia. It is long, but if your child (or an adult you know) is struggling to read, you may find this very helpful. It is called
This Education Week Article is shorter. It doesn’t have all the details, but gives a really good summation of the science. Education Week gives you a few views of articles before you will have to subscribe. I recommend using one of your “free” reads to read this article.